Using WP-CLI to Access MySQL Running in A LAMP Docker Container

WP-CLI is a great command line tool to help you manage WordPress.

I had trouble figuring out how to use WP-CLI to access a MySQL database that was running in a Docker container. I’m running a Docker LAMP instance locally using this set of Docker and Docker-Compose files from sprintcube.

The MySQL instance holding my local WordPress database is running in a Docker container. However, my WordPress core files are located located in a directory on the host’s physical hard drive defined as a Docker volume.

The trick is defining your DB_HOST environment value to be the IP address of your MySQL Docker container. You can do this either explicitly by the command line or in your WP configuration files (for a typical install in your wp-config.php file, in a bedrock install in your .env files).

Getting the IP Address of the MySQL Docker Container

You can find the IP address of your docker container by executing the following command:

Get your container name:

From this, I see that the Mysql container name is “lamp-database”.

Define DB_HOST Environmental Variable

Execute the following command substituting CONTAINER-NAME with your database container:

Define the Path to Your WordPress Install in Your WP-CLI Configuration Files

Create wp-cli.yml file in the directory you will be using WP or, alternatively create ~/.wp-cli/config.yml

The local alias should point to the WordPress file on your Docker volume as shown in this example:

To backup your WordPress database just type:

Note that this method is intended to be used for a LAMP Docker install with the WordPress files being simply installed in the document root kept in a defined volume on the host’s physical drive and WP-CLI installed on the physical docker host.

If you are using a WordPress container to run WordPress and/or WP-CLI, then you most likely want to use the ssh tag in wp-cli.yml. See the WP-CLI documentation regarding the ssh tag and brief discussion of the Docker scheme.

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